When describing beer, the following general definitions will help you understand how the flavour in beer are typically described:
Hops: “Hoppiness” comes from the essential oils in hops that provide versatile flavour and aromas such as fruity, flowery, earthy characters. The amount of character depends on the type of hop and when they are added in the brewing process.
Bitter: Bitterness is a distinct flavour found in beer that is attributed to the hop resins extracted from the hops. The amount of bitterness varies between the styles of beer and is measured in IBUs which stands for International Bitterness Units, the higher the IBU, the stronger the bitterness.
Malt: Malt comes from the malted grain, and it is usually roasted to provide flavours and aromas resembling, caramel, sweet, nutty, toasty, biscuit, chocolate, roast to name a few.
Dark: Darker beers are made with malt grain that is roasted longer to provide a richerand heavier taste. The malt’s nutty, caramel flavour turns to darker notes of chocolate and coffee with a longer roast time.
Light: Lighter beer is usually known for having a cleaner and crisper taste that is more refreshing however current craft beer trends have lighter beers that can be high in lighter malt content and high in hop flavour and aroma.